Tashkent Medical Academy
ISSN (печатный вариант): 2073-0071
creative, value, personal, creative personality, formation, креативный, адекватность, индивидуальный, творческой личности, формирование
Эта статья посвящена развитию творческих качеств человеческой личности, творческих личностных проблем на всех уровнях образования и профессиональной подготовки, сложные эффекты, необходимые для формирования творческой личности, творческих способностей отдельных компонентов слушателей фокусируется на творческих качествах человекa.
Based on the analysis of psychological - pedagogical literature revealed levels of creative self-development of students at different stages of their personal development. The basis of selection of levels of creative self-development of quality indicators are taken, reflecting the main components of the structure of personality: 1. The nature of creative design; 2. The adequacy of self-creative abilities; 3. The degree of independence in carrying out creative tasks 4. These criteria do not exhaust the whole variety of qualitative characteristics of the individual, but in the context of the problems of our study are the most significant. On the basis of the ratio of the levels of creative self-development have been identified in the structure of creative activity. 1. Start. He does not believe in their own capabilities, can not and do notunwilling to perform creative tasks. 2. Low. To doubt their own ability, perform creative tasks under the guidance of a teacher and carries out its reproductive process only. 3. Average. It needs additional incentives when performing creative tasks in the implementation plan includes some elements of the new; He prefers to work in the micro-group, not daring to take creative initiative of the. 4. Tall. She believes in their capabilities and skills, sometimes exaggerating their self-esteem. Able to create a wide variety of independent ideas, which do not always find an adequate artistic incarnation on this for their implementation needs more information. 5. Creative. To adequately assess their own capabilities andability. At the approach to creative job is not standard solutions and implements them into independent, original, fully completed the program. Individual differences of listeners are manifested in the physical development, mental abilities, in the types of higher nervous activity in the individual manifestations of mental processes, ethical and emotional and volitional orientation of the person (character, culture, behavior, actions, needs, interests, ideology, ideals) etc. Of the variety of manifestations of individual differences distinguish those who are more than the other, define the promotion of the student in the teaching and are particularly important for the performance of independent work. These differences relate primarily to the ability to learn, their mental activity, with the ability to understand and remember the material, with the features of the automation of various actions in the development of practical skills transfer assimilated to the new conditions, with the ability to solve problems. N.A.Menchinskoy [5, p156] proposed criteria by which to judge the students learning capacity: - The level of mastery of analytical and synthetic transactions; - The degree of flexibility of thinking (the ability to reconstruct the thinking operation conditions change); - A close connection or lack of connection between concrete and abstract components of mental activity; - Economical thinking (the amount of material on the basis of which the mastering and forming in the layer of the new law, principle, rule); - The depth of thinking (the depth of the mind reflects the degree of self-penetration into the essence of human activity knowable); - Critical mind, the ability to objectively assess the results activity others and their own. For the study of individual differences in cognitive listeners could usefully highlight their specific group: - the first type include those learners who do not have high achievers do not show initiative and independence in learning, their way of thinking characterized by inertia and passivity. The basis of their educational activity is the memory; - the second type consists of students whose work is the basis for learning practical activities. The theoretical part of the traversed material they learn to work only as a result of repeated application of certain provisions in practice; - the third type are the listener with a clear penchant for theory. They seek to avoid the performance of practical exercises, ignoring them. The mental activity of these learners is characterized by a high level of communication and abstraction, but relatively low specificity level; - fourth type consists of students, harmoniously combining his teaching tendency to theory with the ability to apply it in practice. Based on an analysis of different approaches following typological groups of students can be identified to the individual differences of students. So, for the first group of characteristic trend is the complete assimilation of knowledge sufficient meaningfulness of them, the ability to use them to develop new skills, the ability to independently solve the problems. For the second group of trainees is characterized by complete assimilation of knowledge sufficient meaningfulness of them, the ability to apply them to generate new practical skills, ability to solve problems using teacher. Students assigned to the third group are not always self-learn the mandatory amount of knowledge, they are characterized by the lack of sufficient knowledge of meaning, inability to use them for the development of new skills and abilities, they have difficulty in addressing problems. The basic criteria of creativity listener are: independence (complete or partial); search and sorting options movement to the goal (in full or in part) in the process of creating movement toward the goal of a new product (in whole or in part a). An analysis of research on a layered approach to the development of creative abilities of the listener, as well as their own observations allowed us to determine the basis of these levels on the following criteria: - An interest in creative activities; - The desire to engage in creative activities; - Execution of creative works on the instructions of the teacher; - Own initiative in creative activities. The degree of completeness of independence, discovery and for creating the product determine the levels of creativity. No, we can not determine the levels of development of creative abilities of the listener to check and adjust the action mechanism of creative activity, to make certain adjustments in all parts of its interaction. We distinguish the following levels of creative qualities of the individual student Table Levels of development of creative qualities Levels of development of creative qualities Brief characteristics Passive - Orientation Listeners` show an inner need for creative activity. Express an interest in the issues raised and address them realistically cope with the tasks on samples and algorithms, find ready-made answers in the text. The nature of the interaction between the teacher and the students as a whole - business. For this level is characterized by the solution of the problem in question-answer form between the teacher and individual students. The activities of the teacher dominates. Reproductive and creative For this level is characterized by the positive involvement of students in the solution of the problem. Show the ability to introduce a new character in the teaching and learning activities, but with the help of a teacher obligatory. Comprehension and alteration mapping the internal structure of the object known, a description and analysis of the action with the object, the foresight and analysis of their possible outcomes. Listeners tendtocooperate, have some knowledge, attitude. Partially-creative Show the ability to introduce a new character in the educational work. Activities freer, show the attempts of originality in getting new information, find ways, methods, technical means for discovering new aspects of the phenomenon in this class. Performs problematic task. Teacher connects to the listener activity, if necessary. Students gain experience in search activity, possession of the elements of creativity, but do not get the experience of a holistic study of the process or phenomenon. Creative processes in educational activity the listener are shown in the analysis contained in the problem of the problem situation. What makes it more complicated and bigger than the problem of adequate subject's ability to organize and control its activity, the higher the level of intellectual potential of the individual. Dedicated levels allow us to focus on the gradual development of creative qualities of the individual listener. Each prior is preparatory in relation to the next, higher, and the newly acquired ability to serve as a basis for the development of creative qualities of personality. Not only knowledge and skills, but also the nature of their acquisition are the basis for the educational process as a whole.
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